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33. Tun / Retreat

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------- above Ch'ien The Creative, Heaven
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--- --- below Kên Keeping Still, Mountain
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The Judgement

Retreat. Success.
In what is small, perseverance furthers.

The Image

Mountain under heaven: the image of Retreat.
Thus the superior man keeps the inferior man at a distance,
Not angrily but with reserve.

The Lines

Change at the beginning means:
At the tail in retreat. This is dangerous.
One must not wish to undertake anything.
Change in the second place means:
He holds him fast with yellow oxhide.
No one can tear him loose.
Change in the third place means:
A halted retreat
Is nerve-wracking and dangerous.
To retain people as men- and maidservants
Brings good fortune.
Change in the fourth place means:
Voluntary retreat brings good fortune to the superior man
And downfall to the inferior man.
Change in the fifth place means:
Friendly retreat. Perseverance brings good fortune.
Change at the top means:
Cheerful retreat. Everything serves to further.